The baseball field, often called ball field or baseball diamond, is comprised of four bases, including the home plate. The distance of the bases from each other is 90 feet.
The field closest to the base is called in the infield, whereas the grassy area or the part beyond the diamond is the outfield.
The game begins with the batter on the home plate. The hitter is considered to be at bat. The pitcher will then throw the ball to the catcher.
The batter shall hit the baseball. Every throw is called a pitch. The umpire decides whether the pitch is a ball (out of strike zone) or a strike (goes through the strike zone and hit by the batter). Learn about goal on this page.
During at bat, the hitter may do the following actions: walk, hit by pitch, single, double, triple, home run, fielder’s choice, and error, among others.
If the batter hits the ball into the field play, he must run to the bases and must safely reach the home plate to score a run. In this case, the batter becomes the base runner.
There are nine positions on the defensive side – the pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, third baseman, shortstop, left field, center field and right field. They should work altogether to prevent the offensive player from earning a run by strikeouts, forceouts, flyouts, and tagouts, among others.
An out is declared once the catcher catches the ball and tags a base runner. Outs are also recorded with the batter strikes out. Once there are three outs recorded, a half-inning is completed.
A baseball is officiated by an umpire. The baseball umpire enforces the rules of the game and the grounds, judges the plays, handles disciplinary actions and basically makes decisions from the beginning to the end of the game.
Most games are officiated by two or more umpire. The head of the umpires is called the umpire-in-chief.
To score, a hitter must first hit the ball and complete all bases to the home plate without being tagged. This is considered a run.
If a base runner stops on a base, then he can advance again once another hitter strikes the ball.
If the hitter strikes the ball over the outfield wall, then the hitter and the other base runners can automatically advance or proceed to the home base.
The accumulated runs will determine the winner.
Every run is recorded on a baseball scorecard.
Information overload? These are just the basics. You still have to learn a lot of skills, techniques, strategies, and rules before you can successfully play a baseball. Keep posted!